The Tar Baby and the Tomahawk: Race and Ethnic Images in American Children's Literature, 1880-1939

Frederick S. Church

Frederick S. Church (1842 - 1924) was an American artist who often illustrated anthropomorphic depictions of animals. Following his discharge from service as a Union soldier in the Civil War, Church attended Chicago’s Academy of Design with the intention of becoming an artist. He succeeded in becoming an acclaimed artist and his illustrations appeared in many magazines and periodicals. Church provided illustrations for Joel Chandler Harris’s Uncle Remus, His Songs and His Sayings (1880), though privately Harris was dissatisfied with Church’s racially caricatured depictions, especially of Uncle Remus.